Wuyi Mountains

Located in the southeastern province of Fujian, the Wuyi mountains are one of the most beautiful attractions in the area. The mountain ranges here have a significant history, especially for tea. Some of China’s top teas are harvested here, and much of the tourism is based on the tea culture. The Wuyi mountain area includes a main town square where visitors can spend the night, try the restaurants, see a show, and explore the mountains from. If you’re planning a trip to Wuyishan, here’s everything you need to know.

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Interesting Facts About Wuyi Mountains

-According to early Western documents, Wuyishan was referred to as Bohea Hills.

-Mount Huanggang is the highest peak at 2,158 meters.

-The highest peak is located on the border between Fujian province and Jiangxi province, making it the highest point of both.

-Two of the most popular teas grown here are Da Hong Pao and Lapsang Souchong.

-This area has been considered a World UNESCO Heritage Site since 1999 for its biodiversity and cultural/scenic values.

-The area is divided into four main parts: Wuyishan National Nature Reserve, Nine-Bend Stream Ecological Protection Area, Wuyishan National Scenic Area, and the Protection Area For The Remains of The Ancient Han Dynasty.

-The entire area is subject to high volcanic activity.

-The western area of the region is made up of volcanic rock while the eastern region is made up of red sandstone.

-The Nine-bend river runs through the mountain range and measures 60 kilometers in length.

-These mountains are the largest example of subtropical forests in China.

-5,000 animal species have been reported in the area with 475 being animals and 4,635 being insects.

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History Of The Wuyi Mountains

Humans have been settling on the slopes of these mountains for more than 4,000 years. It was during the Western Han Dynasty that the city of Chengcun became the capital of Minyue Kingdom. And, during the 7th century, the Wuyi Palace was built so that emperors had a place for their sacrificial services.

The entire Wuyi Mountain area became an important destination for Buddhism and Taoism. People from these religions flocked to the Wuyi mountains and built temples and schools. Today, the remains of these temples and academic buildings can still be seen.

The history of the Wuyi mountains is heavily influenced by tea culture. There are four main varieties that are known as the ‘Four Famous Bushes.’ They include: White Cockscomb, Big Red Robe, Golden Turtle, Iron Arhat, and Lapsang Souchong. The locals have been performing tea ceremonies, prayers, and performances here for years.

-This area has been considered a World UNESCO Heritage Site since 1999 for its biodiversity and cultural/scenic values.

-The area is divided into four main parts: Wuyishan National Nature Reserve, Nine-Bend Stream Ecological Protection Area, Wuyishan National Scenic Area, and the Protection Area For The Remains of The Ancient Han Dynasty.

-The entire area is subject to high volcanic activity.

-The western area of the region is made up of volcanic rock while the eastern region is made up of red sandstone.

-The Nine-bend river runs through the mountain range and measures 60 kilometers in length.

-These mountains are the largest example of subtropical forests in China.

-5,000 animal species have been reported in the area with 475 being animals and 4,635 being insects.

Culture Of The Wuyi Mountains

The natural beauty of this area has brought many religious figures over the years. With the addition of the rich, tea heritage, this region is full of culture and history. If you’re visiting the Wuyi mountains, here’s what you should do to experience the culture.

Heavenly Tour Peak: This peak is 410 meters above sea level and can be found in the middle of the mountain range. The river surrounds it on three sides and visitors can stand on top to get a panoramic view of the mountain range.

Cliff Coffins: The rock faces in Wuyishan have been carved out and once held actual coffins shaped like boats. It is a significant mystery in Wuyishan because these coffins were found at such great heights. They are believed to have been there for 4,000 years and represent the funeral traditions of the Yue people. Visitors who take a raft ride down the river will be able to see what is left of the coffins.

Xiamei Ancient Folk Houses: This village dates back 200 years ago to the Qing and Ming dynasties. It’s a tranquil village with historic architecture and artwork that will take you back in time.

Da Hong Pao Scenic Area: This plantation is famous for the Big Red Robe tea. It contains rows of lush green tea trees and is also the location of the largest Buddhist temple in the Wuyishan area, Ever Happy Temple.

Wuyi Palace: This palace was first built in the Tang dynasty and now is the memorial hall of Zhu Xi. This tourist destination is full of history, relics, artwork, and architecture.

A Bamboo Raft Ride: A raft ride down the Nine-bend River is one of the highlights of any Wuyishan trip. The boatman will explain the scenery and point out the hanging coffins as you drift along one of the most beautiful streams in China.

See The Da Hong Pao Show: This is another highlight and main attraction for visiting Wuyishan. The show is directed by famous Chinese directors, Fan Yue, Zhang Yimou, and Wang Chao Ge. The stage sits outside against the stunning natural landscape and has a moving, 360 degree stage. The show explains the story and history of Wuyishan and the lights, sounds, and special effects are truly remarkable. After the show finishes, cast members walk through the audience and offer real cups of Da Hong Pao to the guests.

Thread of Sky: This can be found in the south of the Wuyi mountains within a deep valley by the Second Twist River. Here is where you’ll find the Thread of Sky, a massive rock formation that has just a tiny gap, big enough for people to fit inside and enter the cave. Once inside the cave, the small opening looks like a thread of light.

The Nine-bend Stream: Even if you aren’t taking a raft ride, this beautiful stream can still be enjoyed on your visit. It offers a unique landscape and can be seen flowing past some of Wuyishan’s most significant sites.

Jade Girl Peak: At the south of the Nine-bend river and Two-bend stream, this peak can be found. It’s said to look like a beautiful girl. There’s a pond with a large stone in it at the foot of the peak. Legend says that the stone was a token of love that was give to the maiden by the Great King.

Great King Peak: This peak can be found at the outlet of the Nine-bend river. It can be reached by brave tourists who are willing to climb up a ladder that is placed in the cracks of the rock. Once on top, there are quite a few tourist attractions including: Toulong Cave, Tianjian Pool, Crane Rock, and the remains of the Shengzhen Taoist Temple.

Tips For Visiting The Wuyi Mountains

-If you don’t speak Chinese, consider getting a local guide to take you around to the attractions. They can explain the history and significance of what you’re seeing.

-See the Da Hong Pao show, even if you don’t like shows. The performance is truly incredible.

-Wear great walking shoes because you’ll be doing a lot of moving as you visit each site.

-Take the bamboo raft ride because it allows you to see the mountains from a new perspective.

-Try the tea eggs, a local treat. The eggs are hard boiled in tea and taste delicious.

-Explore the markets in the town during your free time. There are plenty of restaurants serving up interesting, local specialties.

-Book a hotel within the town if you want to be centrally located. It’s quite convenient and there is also more to do and see.

-Don’t leave without buying some tea to take home as a souvenir. Wuyishan has some of the best tea in China.

Wuyi Mountains Tours

6-Day Magnificent World Heritage Sites of Fujian Exploration Tour


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