Guangzhou, also known as Canton is China’s third largest city behind Beijing and Shanghai. It’s the capital city of southern China’s Guangdong Province and also known as “Goat City” according to its founding story based on 5 gods riding on 5 goats. It is the political, economic, cultural, technological, and transportation center of Southern China. Guangzhou has mild weather, abundant rainfall, is green in all 4 seasons, and boasts wonderful scenery. So it enjoys the honor of being known as “Flower City.”
Guangzhou has a history of more than 2210 years. Legend has it that 5 immortals arrived in Guangzhou wearing colorful clothes riding colorful immortal goats. Soon after Guangzhou was known as, “Goat City.” The goat sculptures become the symbols of Guangzhou.
Historical records indicate that an administrative city then called Panyu occupied Guangzhou by the 3rd century BC, serving as the capital of the Nanyue Kingdom founded in the region. Guangzhou was part of the “Maritime Silk Road” that linked southern China with Southeast Asia, India, the Middle East, and the east coast of Africa.
Cantonese culture has maintained strong distinctions from the rest of China not only in its cosmopolitanism and entrepreneurial spirit, but in its formidably complex dialect and world-famous cuisine. The rich varieties of fruit and animal resources from the mountains along with marine and freshwater products contribute to the rich varieties of local food.
The most famous food in Guangzhou is, of course, Cantonese cuisine. There are time-honored restaurants such as the Lin Heung Tea House and Taotao Ju, as well as new ones such as New Lychee Harbor and Tangyuan Restaurant. Reputed as China’s finest cuisine, it has absorbed the strong points of other cuisines, but is diverse and delicate.
As the third largest city in China, Guangzhou has many important cultural and historical sites. The city was the starting point of the legendary 4000-mile Silk Road which began during the Han Dynasty (206-220) and many relics still exist from that era. Sites such as Zhenhai Tower, Wuxian Taoist Temple, and the Tomb of the King of the Southern Yue Dynasty are all of particular interest for visitors. As well, the city’s more modern history can be evidenced at Sun Yat-sen’s Memorial Hall, Huanghuagang Mausoleum and Memorial Mausoleum to the Martyrs. Guangzhou Tower witnesses the modernism of Guangzhou and is the symbol of the city.
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GUANGZHOU THINGS TO DO
Pearl River Night View
With a length of more than 2000 kilometers, the Pearl River is the third longest river in China. When evening lights light up, you’ll find a blaze of neon lights reflecting on the river, showing a fascinating night view. The river flows through the Sea Pearl Rock hence the name. It’s a truly unique experience for anyone visiting China.
Sacred Heart Cathedral
It’s also called Stone House, a Roman Catholic cathedral, this is one of the oldest churches in Guangzhou and the largest of its kind in Southern China. Seated at the north bank of the Pearl River, the church stands in the heart of the busy and hustle old town.
Baiyun Mountain is one of the most amazing scenic spots in Guangzhou, with fantastic natural scenery and abundant historical relics, you’ll uncover some of the more awe-inspiring views in the area. Baiyun Mountain has been commemorated by many renowned poets and scholars in their poetry or other forms of writings.
Yuexiu Park is the largest park in downtown Guangzhou and one of the most famous scenic spots in the city; wonderfully combining cultural relics and ecological landscapes. It’s made of three artificial lakes and features pretty bodies of water and roamy hills. The park is named for the hills of Yuexiu Mountain on which it is built.
Bright Filial Piety Temple
The Bright Filial Piety Temple is the oldest Buddhist temple in Guangzhou, with a history dating back more than 1700 years. It’s said that it has a longer history than the city of Guangzhou.
Western Han Nanyue King’s Tomb Museum
The Western Han Nanyue King’s Tomb Museum is well known for its elegant Han Dynasty architecture, and shows Guangzhou’s near 2000-year history. The tomb was discovered in 1983 and opened to the public in 1988.
Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street
Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street is one of the busiest commercial pedestrian streets in China and the first business street in Guangzhou. The street is also a mixed showcase of architecture, cuisine and folk customs.
Its a sandbank island in Liwan District, Guangzhou. Shamian is a good place to experience European-style architecture. From the Song and the Qing Dynasty, the island was served as an important port for foreign trade. The island’s name translates as “sandy surface” in Chinese.
Lotus Hill has the best preserved ancient quarry site, with a history of 2000 years in China, the Lotus Hill Tourist Resort displays a combination of ancient ruggedness and modern delicacy. Covering an area of 2.54 square kilometers, it’s made up of 48 red sandstone low hills, the highest of which is 108 meters tall.
Ancestral Temple of the Chen Family
The complex itself is a highly valuable traditional building presenting the traditional Cantonese architectures and folk arts, and in 1959, on the base of the Chen Clan Academy, the Guangdong Folk Arts Museum was set up for collection, study and display of folk arts throughout the country.
With the height of 600 meters, the “Supermodel” Canton Tower is a new landmark of Guangzhou City. Special architectural ideas and design, various of shopping arcades, entertainment facilities and dining option will surely win your admiration.
South China Botanical Garden
Located just 8 kilometers north of Guangzhou city and built in 1929 the South China Botanical Garden features the oldest and largest South Asian tropical botanical garden in China. It takes up about 91 acres of land and includes a herbarium with 1,000,000 plant specimens, a library with 200,000 books, and a network center.
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