A treasure for anyone lucky enough to pay a visit, the Guizhou Province is often touted as one of China’s most well-preserved areas. Situated on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau in southwestern China, Guizhou borders the Sichuan Province to the north, Guangxi Province to the south, Hunan Province to the east, and Yunnan Province to the west.
It spans some 509 kilometers from north to south and some 595 kilometers from east to west. The Guizhou Province covers an area of roughly 176,000 square kilometers and accounts for about 2% of China’s total area. Much of Guizhou is karst, which is why it is so rich with caves, sinkholes, and bizarrely-shaped stone formations. The famous karst landscape covers an area of roughly 109,000 square kilometers, making up slightly more than 62% of the province’s total area.
Guizhou, also often referred to as Qian dates back to the Qin Dynasty (221-207 B.C), when the Qianzhong, Xiang, Ba and Shu Prefectures were established in Guizhou. In the Han Dynasty (206 B.C—220 A.D), Guizhou was under the separate and administration of Zangke Prefecture and Wuling Prefecture. Guizhou became Qianzhong Prefecture during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Buzheng Prefecture Administration was established in Guizhou in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The Guizhou Province was set up in the region in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) which has remained unchanged until today.
Guizhou Province is also a cultural melting pot consisting of over 48 ethnic groups. Of these ethnic groups, the Bai, Buyi, Dong, Han, Hui, Miao, Molao, Shui, Tujia, and the Yi make over 100,000 of its population. The various ethnic minorities, seen in the nationwide perspective, of Guizhou Province, make up roughly 38% of the province’s total population. In minority neighborhoods are beautiful, and the landscape well-preserved, looking strikingly similar to its original self. Each month there’s a new festival, the cultural soup is flavorful and always fills up the heart with every visit.
If hunger strikes, try the Guizhou classics: Braised salamander; Eight Delicacies; and Feast of Tianmahan Chicken, are all famous local dishes with high nutrition. Love Bean Curd Fruit and Bijie Stuffed Dumplings are popular refreshments with diners in Guizhou. The strong mix of Han Chinese and minority groups form a fusion of cuisines, dressings, accessories and so on. Traditional ways of lives are often seen in most parts of Guizhou Province.
Rich in cultural tradition, the Guizhou Province is an increasingly popular tourist destination. Its picturesque karst landscape, string of foodie fusions and architectural landmarks make it a must-add to the bucket list. You’ll find dreamy pathways and well-preserved villages that are lost in modern life. If you are unsure which famous attractions to visit, you’ll want to look into the Huangguoshu Water Fall, Anshun, Kaili, Zhenyuan, Libo, Liping and Zhaoxing to just to name a few bests.
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THINGS TO DO IN GUIZHOU
Guiyang Huangguoshu Waterfall
The most spectacular attraction in Guizhou is the Huangguoshu Waterfall. At 77.8 meters high and 101 meters wide, it’s the largest waterfall in China and one of the most famous in the world. The enchanting Guiyang Huanguoshu Waterfall and all of its natural beauty is a sight to behold.
Xijiang Miao Village
Welcome to capital city. The Xijiang Miao Village is known to be one of the largest hubs of the Miao people on the planet. Its mountainous topography and its unshackled identity from the urban sprawl has made it into not only a safe haven for Miao culture, but, also traditional paradise often lost in modernity — a must-see.
Zhaoxing Dong Village
Trumpeted as the most legendary Dong Village in China, the Zhaoxing Dong Village is home to the famous Drum Towers. Located in the Southeast of Liping County, 41 kilometers away from the county seat, the dreamy valley runs east to west. It was first built during Song Dynasty and is emblematic to the unique culture the village carries.
Jiabang Terraced Fields
Located 80 kilometers away from Congjiang, the Jiabang Terraced Fields is the masterpiece of the Miao Village generations work. The colors and the backdrops are exquisite. The villages perched amid these terraced rice fields make it one of the top 5 rice fields in all of China. This is a heaven on earth.
Basha Miao Village
The famous Basha Miao people are known to be the last standing “barbarians” in China, the last standing gunmen of the country. Tucked into the southern border of Guizhou, the Basha Miao Village is a must-see paradise for outcasts and nature fans alike. In this special place ignored by God himself, you’ll find the most unique customs and ancient beliefs.
Matang Gejia Village
Matang Village, located roughly 18 kilometers north of the city of Kaili, is a Gejia ethnic minority village. It’s said that the Gejia ethnic minority of Matang Village are also skilled at embroidery and the petite point stitch on which it is based on. The Geija people love bright clothing as well as being adept to hawking their handicrafts. You’ll find a lot of interesting silhouettes here.
Tian Long Tun Bu
Stunning examples of ancient Chinese architecture, so well-preserved that they look like they have been frozen in time, the Tian Long Tun Bu is a visit worth the trip. It’s located in the southwest region of China, where you’ll find rare Han Chinese settlement artifacts. Here women wear Ming dynasty costumes and the houses, typically featuring Ming architectural styles.
Sisters’ Meal Festival
The Valentines’ Day of the Miao people in southeast Guizhou is held on the 15th day of the third lunar month. For girls, it’s a golden opportunity to display their charm and outstanding embroidery skills. For travelers, it is the best place to sample Miao attires and silver ornaments in China. A classic meeting place for courtship between Miao men and women.
Zhenyuan Old Town
Zhenyuan is a fresh breath of air in today’s modern world, an unspoiled ancient water town located in the Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, southeastern Guizhou, often regarded as the “Venice of the Orient.” Surrounded by wonderful mountains and rivers, the town is well-known for its picturesque view, historic attractions, and mysterious ethnic cultures.
Shiqiao Old Way of Making Paper
During the past millennium, Shiqiao Miao Village’s paper making has developed several defining traits. Shiqiao Miao Village’s papers are famous for their outstanding flexibility, excellent colour fastness, and peerless absorbency. Many stories often depict the village as a special place filled with romance and healing powers.
Lusheng Making in Paika Village
In Paika, making Lusheng requires accuracy and skills, style in which has been passed down from Miao generation to Miao generation. Traditionally, the craftsmen in this area make Lusheng by using bellows, hammers, brass, axes, chisels, saws, drills, and Chinese wood oil.
The Miao Lusheng Festival
The Miao Lusheng Festival is the most influential and popular traditional festival celebrated at Zhouxi, Kaili City, and the Gulong Village in Huangping county. At the Lusheng Festival, hundreds of Lusheng bands play. You will also find many Miao-centric activities, such as singing, bullfighting, horse racing, and dancing to the rhythm of the Lusheng.
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